Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn provides an innovative approach to grounded theory useful in a wide array of qualitative research projects. Extending Anselm Strauss's ecological social worlds/arenas/discourses framework, this book offers researchers three kinds of maps that place an emphasis on the range of differences rather than commonalitSituational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn provides an innovative approach to grounded theory useful in a wide array of qualitative research projects. Extending Anselm Strauss's ecological social worlds/arenas/discourses framework, this book offers researchers three kinds of maps that place an emphasis on the range of differences rather than commonalities, as found via the traditional grounded theory approach. These maps include situational, social worlds/arena, and positional maps....
|Title||:||Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn|
|Number of Pages||:||408 Pages|
|Status||:||Available For Download|
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Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn Reviews
Might need a little bit of background for this one. The first thing you need to know is that there isn't really 'a' grounded theory, but two versions of it. One is very much influenced by positivist science. It was started as a way to be 'objective' when it came to investigating social science. There was a time when everyone wanted to have the same credibility as physics or chemistry. This was particularly true in what are known as the social sciences. The problem is that the social sciences just aren't the same as the physical sciences. The differences relate mostly to the fact that the kinds of repeatable experiments you are able to do in the social sphere just aren't all that interesting. I mean, I can learn lots by dropping rocks off buildings and I can tell you and you can find similar rocks and similar buildings and Bob is your proverbial uncle. But society is infinitely more complex that rocks and buildings. There are so many variables that experiments on society might not even come close to providing the same outcomes. And this is the point. Positivist science seeks to control variables and so learn about the world by turning one knob at a time - but society rarely works like that. Society is fundamentally historical and therefore an experiment that produces a particular result today might not produce anything like the same result tomorrow. Relying on certainties in the social sciences would leave us with very little to say at all.Also positive science is hegemonic - that is, it only recognises one truth and everything else is opinion if not plain wrong. And this is where this book comes in. There has been a long counter-thread in grounded theory, one which has been much more interested in the messiness of life than in producing absolute truth. This book places itself very much within that tradition, and it does so by seeking to integrate into grounded theory the work of Foucault.So, what you can expect is that the history of concepts will be central here, how concepts grow and develop. Also important is power, how power relationships are constituted and how such power relationships help to constitute the people within the discourses in which they find themselves.Let's say you are thinking of doing some social research. You have a question you would like to pursue - let's say the history of the male pill. How would this situational discourse analysis work? Well, the first thing to look at is the fact that this is a history - not just something that has appeared fully formed in the here and now. And it is a discourse that has a history that is also related to other discourses - not least the history of female contraception. Would it make any sense whatsoever to talk about the male pill without putting it into this context? And then there is also the issue of gender relationships within our societies. Why has it taken quite so long to develop a male pill? Is this only about it being ok to experiment with female bodies, but not so ok to experiment on male ones in the same way? Is it also to do with the idea that women would be wise not to trust a man who would tell her he was using such a pill?Then there are all of the arguments that exist within society about control of reproduction generally - as we have daily reference to today from social conservatives who see this as human hubris interfering with God's right to make you pregnant at a time of His choosing, whether through rape or incest or whatever other nasty little trick He decides to play on you.This situated form of analysis seeks to build maps where all of the players are located and therefore more or less forces the researcher to understand the problem from within all of these perspectives and the relationships that exist between these perspectives. And not just from the perspective of the people or groups of people identified - hormone scientists, right to lifers, free choice groups, pharmaceutical companies, government agencies, NGOs and so on - but also from the perspective of non-human agents, the drugs themselves or perhaps the animals they might be tested on first. Building such maps is primarily intended to ensure that there is not a single hegemonic discourse imposed over the top of an issue. It recognises the plurality of positions available and seeks to ensure each of these positions is located and the problem is viewed from within them to see how standing in those positions affects what is seen.This is relativism, but it doesn't quite mean 'there is no truth' - rather it sees truth as being situated within the perspective of the viewer and if that is the case then this is somewhat similar to Einstein's relativity - where we can only say how fast anything is moving with reference to a particular location in space and time, a particular frame - not as an absolute. And again, this doesn't mean there is no 'truth', just that to talk of truth outside of a particular perspective is, in fact, meaningless. There is no outside.There is a long and detailed chapter on doing visual research which is very interesting and provides very useful tips - particularly in going about coding the elements you are thinking of concentrating on. The point that is repeatedly made about visual resources is that they are open to multiple readings - photographs don't really mean in quite the same way as sentences mean - but they are certainly not meaningless. Again, a situated analysis of them, one that locates the viewer and the likely uses the images are going to be put to by them is a good method to challenge personal responses and move such responses towards a critical one. The author highly recommends a rich and detailed analysis of images (a thick interpretation) and writing up a detailed narrative description of the image - as sometimes we don't know what we think about something until we hear ourselves talk about it. A large part of my thesis involves doing some kind of analysis of the photos that appear in school promotional materials and so I will be trying to follow this advice in my own research.This is a very interesting book, and one that constantly and consciously seeks to find ways to force the researcher to 'think again' - very useful for that alone.
I am conducting situational analysis for my dissertation. Situational analysis is methodology steeped in postmodern theory making the book a dense read. Clarke, however, admits the book is dense answering some of these criticisms as part of the conclusion. I offer the former as a warning because the theoretical underpinnings makes for some dry reading for anyone besides geeks. Yet, all I can say is I am grateful to be a geek because I found the writing insightful, instructive, and liberating while somewhat exciting at times. The fact that I have now read the book means (a) I have no more excuses not to jump into my research (trust me, I've been finding many excuses), (b) I am beginning to feel motivated about what my research has the possibility to produce (thank goddess, because I was getting scared I had lost all interest in my topic), and (c) I realize because I have been studying my topic for quite some time I am not as lost as I thought I was (thank you, Dr. Clarke!).
I have so much love for Adele Clarke. I am lucky to have had her as a qualitative methods professor. This book is especially great for visualizing projects via mapping exercises.
Very new way to look at postmodern philosophy. Now as most scientists conjured many years ago, postmodern philosophy is going to create its own scientific methods. This book turned it into reality. But the biggest contribution of this book is that it makes postmodern philosophy readable and understandable to lay people. Surely, I will read this again.